Effects of instructor’s coaching behavior in the military educational environment on self-directedness in learning of cadets at Korea Army Academy at Yeong-cheon (KAAY)


  • Hyeseon Seok KAAY (Korea Army Academy at Yeong-Cheon)
  • Yongkwan Kang KAAY (Korea Army Academy at Yeong-Cheon)
  • Donghyun Ahn KAAY (Korea Army Academy at Yeong-Cheon)




cadets, instructor’s coaching behavior, self-directedness in learning, structural equation modeling


The purpose of this study is to test the effects of instructor’s coaching behavior in the military education and training on self-directedness and learning outcome of cadets. To this end, the self-report questionnaires was used to collected data from 409 cadets in the 4th grade of the KAAY in the six-week military education and training from July to August 2022. The collected data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The result revealed that the instructor’s coaching behavior had a significant effect on the self-directed learning of cadets and the learning outcomes of cadets. We also found self-directedness in the learning of cadets mediated the instructor’s coaching behavior and learning outcomes. The findings could help to pay attention to the instructor’s coaching behavior as a strategy to foster self-direction in the learning of cadets.


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Author Biographies

Hyeseon Seok, KAAY (Korea Army Academy at Yeong-Cheon)

(First Author) KAAY, Department of Psychology, Lecturer, [email protected], https://orcid.org/0009-0004-3202-7854.

Yongkwan Kang, KAAY (Korea Army Academy at Yeong-Cheon)

(Co-Author) KAAY, Department of Psychology, Assistant professor, [email protected], https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0062-6145.

Donghyun Ahn, KAAY (Korea Army Academy at Yeong-Cheon)

(Corresponding Author) KAAY, Department of Psychology, Lecturer, [email protected], https://orcid.org/0009-0002-8667-7487.


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military coching behavior




How to Cite

Seok, H., Kang, Y., & Ahn, D. (2023). Effects of instructor’s coaching behavior in the military educational environment on self-directedness in learning of cadets at Korea Army Academy at Yeong-cheon (KAAY). Journal of Advances in Military Studies, 6(2), 141-157. https://doi.org/10.37944/jams.v6i2.200